Injury and Repair

In the previous experiment  three CA oscillated asynchronously. The phase shift was achieved by a transfer of resources between the CA. Now the CA did not exchange resources and therefore oscillated synchronously. They discharged their resources into the immediate neighborhood. The set point  >=20 .

Infection and Injury

Whenever CA-2 was at state 22, a virus attached to its structure whereupon CA-2 injured CA-3. Four of its left most cells were set to zero (white). In other words, CA-2 state 22 served as a receptor for the virus. Following injury  CA-3 changed and attempted  to regain its healthy structure. However whenever CA-2 reached its state 22 it became activated injuring CA-3 again and again. CA-4 was not affected.


The stem process (CA-1) continually compares the structures of transitory processes. When detecting that CA-2 and  CA-3 differed it eliminated CA-3 by apoptosis and planted a zygote instead. However the new CA-3 was injured again and again. The perturbation poses a threat to the proliferon. In order to regain a solution, the stem process applied a new strategy. It changed the resource flow between the CA. CA-2 and CA-4 stopped discharging their resources into their neighborhood. In addition CA-4 transferred its resources to CA-2.

CA-2 changed its structure and the virus could not attach to it anymore. The particular structure which interacted with the virus is called a receptor. By transferring resources into CA-2 its receptor changed, and could not be activated by the virus. Now CA-3 was injured only once and could regain its healthy oscillations. CA-4 which donated all its resources to CA-2 dwindled and became atrophic.


The proliferon attained a new solution which was triggered by the virus. It saved CA-3 and and gave up CA-4. The restructuring of CA-2 made the proliferon immune to the virus.
Here is how medicine would explain this infection. A virus infected the proliferon and killed CA-4. A simple cause and effect relationship which does not account for what has really happened. This virus infection brought about a most optimal WOB solution . Generally any perturbation triggers a process reshuffling by WOB, ending in an optimal solution.


In order to check whether transitory processes oscillate synchronously, the stem process assigned CA-2 as a reference with which other processes were compared. In this setting CA-2 serves as memory which is essential for detecting injury and initiating repair by the stem process.


The experiment illustrates a novel aspect of immunity.
The immune proliferon does not have to remember the nature of the virus (antigen). It simply changes its structure (receptor) and prevents the virus from attaching to it.


The experiment illustrates a new kind of redundancy. In linear machines when redundant parts replace broken parts, each performs the same task like the broken part. Here the function of each redundant CA emerges and is different. Initially all three transitory CA were the same. Following injury each undertook a different task.

nca=4; restoreparams[k,1,1 {k,1, 4};  If[sa[[no]] >=20 ,donate[no, no]]; {no, 2, 4}; putinstep1; If[nowdat[[no, 8]] <= 2, newzygote[no]];  injury[3, 2, 22, 22,  f[[3, 1]], 4, 0]; If[sa[[3]] != sa[[2]], delon[[2]] = 0; delon[[4]] = 0;donate[2, 4]; donate[2, 4];

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