Facilitated variation and Intelligent Design

The monkey parable by Kirschner and  Gerhart  illustrates the major criticism of neo-Darwinism, randomness cannot generate novelty.

Suppose that you give a monkey a pen and paper, and let it randomly scribble, how long will it take until it writes “Monkey”?  Next let the monkey hit typewriter keys,  its chances to type “Monkey” will obviously improve. Finally if you let the monkey type on a computer keyboard with a spell checker  that eliminates non English words, it may succeed.

According to the theory of intelligent design, in order to create novelty the monkey needs assistance by a super-being. On the other hand, Kirschner and  Gerhart’s  theory, called “facilitated variation’ is more convincing. Structure is never inherited as such only genes (blueprint) are  inherited, and structure constraints genetic expression. Phenotypic variation cannot be random. It is biased and creates novelty.

There is more to structure than just its appearance. Biological structure has a wisdom (WOB) which constraints gene expression. WOB is optimal and will facilitate only genes which improve optimality.

Additional reading
Randomness and creativity
Randomness cannot generate complexity:

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