Although Wolfram’s book shows how to generate
complexity, it says very little how to reduce or simplify it. Which
is a pity since I encounter it in my practice.
Among other my task is to reduce the extreme complexity
of the human organism to a manageable number of components, otherwise
cure is unthinkable.
In the search for ideas and methods to simplify the human organism, I discovered Arthur Koestler’s notion of the
The cell which may be regarded as an atom of life, has similar properties. From the viewpoint of the organism it is a unit, while encompassing a universe of sub cellular structures.
The organism may be structured into the following Holons: organism -> organ -> tissue -> cell. Facing the higher hierarchies each Holon is viewed as an atom. "The members of a hierarchy, like the Roman god Janus, all have two faces looking in opposite directions: the face turned toward the subordinate levels is that of a self-contained whole; the face turned upward toward the apex, that of a dependent part" Each Holon is a node in a hierarchical tree, or Holarchy. Arthur Koestler.
The definition of a Holon and Holarchy is arbitrary. It is a way to simplify complexity.